What Is The Best Treatment for Eczemas? Eczema (Atopic dermatitis) is a condition where your skin is inflamed, cracked, itchy, and has a rough consistency. In severe cases, patches of skin develop blisters.
This condition is notoriously persistent and may require continuous treatment to control the signs and symptoms. In most cases, even after successful treatment, the condition may flare. There are different prescription medications, therapies, and natural home remedies that can help ease the frustrating stinging itch of the skin.
So, what is the best treatment for Eczemas? Some of the best eczema treatment to manage mild to severe eczema primarily includes:
Topical medications are the first-line eczema treatment for managing mild to severe eczema. The creams, solutions, or gels work by reducing inflammation and managing the stubborn symptoms of eczema. Physicians or dermatologists recommend the following topical treatments for eczema:
Calcineurin inhibitors work by preventing specific cells of your immune system from acting, thus preventing severe symptoms of eczema such as inflammation, redness, and itching. Common examples are pimecrolimus and tacrolimus.
Food and Drug Association (FDA) approved pimecrolimus to treat mild to moderate eczema in children above the age of two. However, the drugs may increase the risk of skin cancer.
You can apply calcineurin inhibitors on the affected areas to control the condition’s symptoms and minimize flares. Some of the common side effects include a burning sensation when you use it on the skin.
PDE4 inhibitors work by blocking the production of inflammatory cytokines in our body that are involved in eczema. Crisaborole (Eucrisa) is an FDA-approved PDE4 inhibitor for the management of eczema. You can apply the ointment to the affected area to minimize the signs and symptoms of the condition. The main side effects of crisaborole are causing thickening of skin, redness, and itching.
Topical corticosteroids quickly relieve itching and inflammation in eczema patients. Primarily the drugs have different potency, concentrations, and forms. You can either opt to use ointments, gels, sprays, foams, solutions, creams, or lotions.
It is paramount to apply the eczema treatment as directed by the physician. For effective results, ensure you use a potent moisturizer before the application of the topical medications.
Eczema can occur in a specific area or appear as skin patches in different regions of the body. For the generalized type of eczema, oral medications are the best option. Oral medications are also effective for patients who respond poorly to creams.
The eczema treatment will work by minimizing the immune system’s response, which will significantly reduce the symptoms of eczema. Antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, corticosteroids, and antihistamines are common medications for eczema.
Wet dressings are practical methods to manage severe eczema, which appears with widespread lesions. The intensive treatment involves wrapping your affected skin area with wet bandages and topical corticosteroids.
Although the wet dressings seem straightforward to use, you will need to consult a dermatologist or physician. The expert will select a potent corticosteroid cream, apply it to the affected areas and use wet bandages to cover the area. Lastly, the medical expert will cover the wet bandages with dry ones.
Wet dressings work to minimize itching and rapidly heal the affected skin. Also, they help make topical creams or ointments more effective in reducing the severe symptoms of eczema.
Phototherapy is effective in managing moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. A light therapy method is an option when you don’t respond to topical medications and oral medications. This invasive method involves a machine that will expose your skin to ultraviolet (UV) rays. The rays prevent your immune system from releasing inflammatory and reactive responses.
Three significant types of phototherapy which effectively treat eczema include; narrowband UVB, broadband UVB, and UVA. Narrowband UVB is the most effective and offers the best results in the management of different skin conditions. This method uses a small portion of the UVB spectrum and effectively penetrates the skin while avoiding significant exposure to UV radiation. Ideally, this method is effective and relatively safe.
According to a study by the National Eczema Association, most people (an average of 70%) respond well to phototherapy eczema treatment. Patients who undergo this procedure report a marked improvement in the signs and symptoms of the condition. It is paramount to note that the improvement of the symptoms might take one to months.
The choice of eczema treatment will depend on your age, severity, and medical history. Before opting for any pharmaceutical treatment, dressings, or invasive methods such as light therapy, try out natural skin remedies.
At home, you can practice skincare routines which include:
If your skin does not improve or becomes worse it is crucial to consider using the above eczema treatment. Remember that resolution of the skin condition might take weeks or months.